When Pigs Cry

A Report on the USA Pig Industry

References

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66 E-mail correspondence with Dr. Michael Fisher, USDA, FSIS, TSC on April 25, 2001.

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69 Grandin, Temple Dr. Troubleshooting electrical stunning. Meat & Poultry. January 2001.

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75 Gay, Lance. Faulty practices result in inhumane slaughterhouses. Scripps Howard News Service. January 30, 2001.

76 Phone conversation with Carol Blake with Public Affairs in USDA, FSIS on May 30, 2001.

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86 EPA-821-B-01-001 January 2001 Environmental Assessment of Proposed Revisions to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Regulation and the Effluent Guidelines for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations.

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97 Magsam, John. Some point to dumping as evidence rules weak. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. March 27, 1999.

98 Protecting Colorado's Water and Economy, Inc. Corporate Hog Farms: A Track Record of Contamination.

99 Duxbury, Robin. Letter to members of Animal Rights Mobilization.

100 Protecting Colorado's Water and Economy. Save Colorado's Water - Vote YES on 113. Stop Corporate Hog Farms from Destroying Colorado's Water.

101 Hog farm spill killed 5,700 fish, state agency says. Indianapolis Star. Available at www.starnews.com/cgi-bin/print.php3. Accessed on July 26, 2001.

102 Iowa: Lawler. USA Today, July 26, 2001 page 7A.

103 Meersman, Tom. Olivia-area hog operation continues to violate air rules. Minneapolis Star Tribune, June 14, 2001.

104 Jones, Jack. Strong odor of protest greets Yates hog farms. Rochester News, June 10, 2001.

105 North Carolina Fines Five Major Hog Farms For Environmental Law Violations. Associated Press, January 28, 2001. Available at http://www.spcnetwork.com/mii/2001/010154.htm. Accessed January 29, 2001.

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108 Hinton, Mick. Water overwhelms hog farm neighbors. The Oklahoman, 06-17-2001. Available at www.oklahoman.com.

109 Spears, Tom. Pig Farms Produce 'Toxic' Problem: Great Lakes Scientists Grapple With Polluting Effects of Animal Waste. The Ottawa Citizen, October 20, 2001.

110 Sierra Club. Spoiled Lunch: Polluters Profiting from Federal Lunch Programs. Chapter 2: Contaminated Food Incidents. Available at http://www.sierraclub.org/factoryfarms/report01/ch2.asp. Accessed on June 13, 2001.

111 Pork producers warn: $10 billion needed for conservation compliance. The Meating Place News, Meat Marketing & Technology (MMT) Magazine, May 2001. Available at www.meatingplace.com. Accessed on June 15, 2001.

112 Murphy, Dan. USDA to Pay $125 Million in Emergency Funds to Pork Producers; 6/24/99. Available at www.meatplace.com. Accessed on November 21, 2001.

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115 North Carolina State Bill. H. 1312. Available http://www.ncga.state.nc.us. Accessed on July 3, 2001.

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131 Antibiotic-resistant genes traced from farms to groundwater. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, May 1, 2001. Available at http://www.eurekaalert.org/releases.uiuc-arg04001.html. Accessed in May, 2001.

132 Associated Press 6/20/01. AMA Urges Phasing Out "Non-therapeutic' Antibiotic use in Livestock. Available at http://www.al.com/newsflash.index.ssf?/sgi-free/getstory_ssf.cgi?f0427_BC_AMA-Antibi. Accessed June 21, 2001.

133 McDonald LC, Rossiter S, Mackinson C, Wang YY, Johnson S, Sullivan M, Sokolow R, DeBess E, Gilbert L, Benson JA, Hill B, Angulo FJ. Quinupristin-dalfopristin-resistant Enterococcus faecium on chicken and in human stool specimens. N Engl J Med. 2001 Oct 18;345(16):1155-60.

134 Salvage, Bryan. Opposing Coalitions Battle Over Antibiotic Use in Food Animals. Available at www.meatingplace.com. Accessed on November 9, 2001.

135 Pig Progress. Health concerns revealed: USA. Pig Progress Vol. 16 No. 5. 2000.

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137 http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/meningococcal_t.htm Centers for Disease Control, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Disease Disease Information: Meningococcal Disease
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139 Vansickle, Joe. Crunch Time. National Hog Farmer, March 15, 2001. Available at www.industryclick.com. Accessed on June 11, 2001.

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141 Collins, Richard, DVM. Keeping Pseudorabies Out. National Hog Farmer. March 15, 2000.

142 Vansickle, Joe. USDA Authorizes Pseudorabies Buyout. National Hog Farmer, February 15, 1999.

143 Mcorist, Steven; Smith, Sionagh H.; Collins, Alison M. Ileitis & Lawsonia intracellularis. Available at http://pighealth.com/ileitis.htm. Accessed on May 29, 2001.

144 Veterinarians speak out on ileitis. National Hog Farmer, May 15, 2001. Available at industryclick.com.

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146 Muirhead, Mike. Postweaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome - Summary From St. Malo Conference, September 2001. Available at www.PigSite.com. Accessed on October 17, 2001.

147 UN Scientist Warns of Devastating Pig Disease. Available at http://www.plant.uoguelph.ca/safefood/archives/animalnet-archives.htm. Accessed on November 18, 2001.

148 Wade, Guy West. Scours - common causes to watch out for. Pig Farming, May 1998.

149 Ross, Richard; Hill, Michael; Wood, Richard L. Herd Health Swine Arthritis PIH-36. Herd Health. Purdue University, Cooperative Extension Service. Available at http://www.genome.iastate.edu/edu/PIH/36.html. Accessed on June 11, 2001.

150 Center for Emerging Issues/USDA/APHIS. Porcine Dermatitis and Nephropathy Syndrome. March 2001. Available at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cei/pdns_0301.htm. Accessed on June 7, 2001.

151 Food Safety Virtual University, FSIS, USDA. Livestock Carcass Disposition Review. Parasitic-Pigmentary. Available at http://63.249.152.62/courses/lcdr/parasitic/para4.html. Accessed on June 11, 2001.

152 USDA, Veterinary Services. Classical Swine Fever, January 1999. Available at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/oa/pubs/fscsf.htm. Accessed on June 11, 2001.

153 Hetherington, Peter; Brown, Paul. 2,000 case of foot and mouth confirmed. The Guardian, September 4, 2001. Available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/Archive/Article/0,4273,4250154,00.html. Accessed on November 21, 2001.